Middle east killings has increased by 50%

Syria's war is a mess. After six years, the conflict is divided between multiple sides. Each side with foreign backers and these foreign backers don't even agree with each other on who they are fighting for and against.

Now, Syria's use of chemical weapons has provoked President Trump to directly attack Syrian President, Bashar Al Assad. This is a major development because the US has only been focus on fighting ISIS. To understand the crisis-crossing interventions and battle lines in Syria today, and how it got this way, it helps to go back to the beginning of the conflict.

The first shots in the war are fired in march 2011 by Syrian dictator Bashar Al Asad by peaceful Arab spring demonstrators. The protests grow, as do Assad's increasingly causing more crackdowns. In July, the protesters start shooting back and femme Syrian troops start defeat from Syrian army to join them. They call themselves the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and the uprising becomes a civil war. Extremist from Syria around and the world the start traveling to Syria to join the rebels

Now Assad actually encourages this by releasing jihadis prisoners to tinge the rebellion with extremism and make it harder for foreign backers to support them. In January 2012, Al Qaeda forms a new branch in Syria, Jahbat Al-Nusra. Also around that time, Syrian Kurdishngroups who had long sought autonomy, take up arms and informally succeed from Assad's rule in the north. That summer is when Syria become a proxy war

Iran, Assad's most important ally, intervention his behalf. And by the end of 2012, Iran is sending daily cargo flight and has hundreds of officers on the ground. At the same time, the oil-rich Arab states on the Persian Gulf begin sending money and weapons to the rebels, mainly to counter irain's influence. Iran steps up it's influence in turn in mid-2012 when Hezbollah, a Lebanese military group backed by Iran, invades to fight along side Assad. The gulf sates, especially Saudi Arabia, respond with sending more money and weapons to the rebels. This time through Jordan who also opposes Assad.

Syrians war is a mess. After six years, the conflict is divided between multiple sides. Each side with foreign backers and these foreign backers don't even agree with each other on who they are fighting for and against.

Now, Syria's use of chemical weapons has provoked President Trump to directly attack Syrian President, Bashar Al Assad. This is a major development because the US has only been focus on fighting ISIS. To understand the crisis-crossing interventions and battle lines in Syria today, and how it got this way, it helps to go back to the beginning of the conflict.

The first shots in the war are fired in march 2011 by Syrian dictator Bashar Al Asad by peaceful Arab spring demonstrators. The protests grow, as do Assad's increasingly causing more crackdowns. In July, the protesters start shooting back and femme Syrian troops start defeat from Syrian army to join them. They call themselves the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and the uprising becomes a civil war. Extremist from Syria around and the world the start traveling to Syria to join the rebels

Now Assad actually encourages this by releasing jihadis prisoners to tinge the rebellion with extremism and make it harder for foreign backers to support them. In January 2012, Al Qaeda forms a new branch in Syria, Jahbat Al-Nusra. Also around that time, Syrian Kurdish groups who had long sought autonomy, take up arms and informally succeed from Assad's rule in the north. That summer is when Syria become a proxy war

Iran, Assad's most important ally, intervention his behalf. And by the end of 2012, Iran is sending daily cargo flight and has hundreds of officers on the ground. At the same time, the oil-rich Arab states on the Persian Gulf begin sending money and weapons to the rebels, mainly to counter irain's influence. Iran steps up it's influence in turn in mid-2012 when Hezbollah, a Lebanese military group backed by Iran, invades to fight along side Assad. The gulf sates, especially Saudi Arabia, respond with sending more money and weapons to the rebels. This time through Jordan who also opposes Assad.

By 2013, the middle east is divided between Sunnis powers generally supporting the rebels and Shias generally supporting Assad. That April, the Obama administration, horrified by Assad's atrocities and the mounting death toll, sign a secret order authorizing the CIA to train and equip Syrian rebels. But the program stalls. At the same time, the US urges Arab to stop funding extremists, but the request basically go unheeded

In August the Assad regime uses chemical weapons, provoking condemnation around the world. Men,women and children lying in rows, killed by poison gas... It's in the national security interests of the United States to take up the case of Assad regime's use of chemical weapons through a targeted military strike. The US are backing down, but the whole thing establishes Syria as a great power dispute with Russia backing Assad and the US opposing them.

Just the following weeks, the first American CIA training and arms reach the Syrian rebels. The US is now a participant in the war

In February 2014, something happens that transforms the war. An Al Qaeeda affiliate, based mostly in Iraq, breaks away from the group over internal disagreements. The group call itself the Islamic States of Iraq and Syria(ISIS), and it becomes Al-Qaeeda's enemy. ISIS mostly fight not Assad, but other rebels and the Kurds, carving out a mini-state it calls it's caliphate. That summer, it marches across Iraq seizing territory, gallivanting the world against it. In September, one year after the US almost bombed Assad, it begins bombing ISIS. That summer, in July, the Pentagon launches it's own program to train Syrian rebels, but only train those who will fight ISIS, not Assad. The program fizzles, showing that America now opposes ISIS more than Assad, but that no like-minded Syrian proxy forces forces in Syria.

In August, Turkish start bombing the Kurdish group in Iraq and in Turkey, even as the Kurdish group are fighting ISIS in Syria, but Turkey doesn't bomb ISIS. This get to one of the big problem in this conflict. The US sees ISIS as it's main enemy, but the US is the allies of Turkey and a lot of other Middle East states have other priorities. This makes it a clear and confusing alliances

In next month, in September, Russia intervenes on behalf of Assad, sending few dozen military aircraft to a long-held Russian base in the country. Russia says it's there to bomb ISIS, but in fact bombs anti-Assad rebels, including some backed by the US.

The next year, Donald Trump wins the White House, vowing to stay out Syria, and signaling that Assad should be able to stay in power.

At the end of 2016, Assad, helped by Russian airpower and Iranian sponsored militias, retakes the Syrian city of Aleppo, knocking the rebels out of their last remaining urban stronghold. Then again in spring of 2017, Assad uses chemical weapons against his people, killing 85, including 20 children. Back in the US, Trump says his attitude towards Syria and Assad has "changed very much" do to the attack. He vows to respond.

And within a few days, the white house launches dozens of tomahawk missiles on an airbase in Syria. This is the 1st time the United States has directly attack the Assad Regime. And it's yet another crisis complication to an already multidimensional civil war. So as it stands now, Syria is in ruins. Millions have fled to their neighboring countries, Turkey and Jordan and any attempt at a ceasefire has failed. Even as Assad recaptures land, the rebellions preserves. And with outside countries fueling each of the groups, it's clear that there is still no end in sight